Autonomous or self-driving vehicles are being increasingly treated as a trailblazing technology of the future. The question is, what does »autonomous« really mean, and what will it take to make autonomous driving safe and efficient?
Cameras and sensors such as radar and lidar scan the vehicle environment in real-time. Digital maps and (Germany) GPS location systems offer additional information regarding the environment. Vehicles can communicate with one another using cooperative traffic systems and thus incorporate the planned driving behavior of the other vehicles into their own cognitive analysis. The collected data is merged and analyzed with artificial intelligence (AI), which results in the machine-based perception of the vehicle’s environment.